Micropenis: What is it, What Causes it and How to Treat it?

Micropenis is a rare and very real condition. Also often referred to as Microphallus, this condition refers to a penis that is drastically smaller than average at birth, generally less than 1.9cm when stretched. In adult males the average size with this condition is less than 2 inches long. Micropenis only occurs in less than 1 percent of the male population, but for the few that live with this condition, it can be quite frustrating. Men who suffer from micropenis often have testicles and all of the other attributes you associate with men with the only difference being the small penis which in some cases barely includes a shaft.

Even with an exceptionally small penis as is common in micropenis, many men are still able to enjoy a satisfying sex life and even go on to start families. For most it is the stigma of having a small penis that poses a problem, though this can be worked on through counselling.

The Causes and Treatment of Micropenis

While there are a few different factors that can cause micropenis including genetic causes, it is most often the result of low testosterone levels in the second and third trimester of the fetus’s growth. Treating micropenis is something that can start early on in a man’s life when he is still a small child. One treatment is testosterone stimulation. This method is used only when the cause of the condition is hormonal. It is tried for 3 months to see if there is penis growth during this time. In some cases this treatment results in full penis size and proper function of the penis.

In some cases surgery can be used to treat micropenis. Surgical reconstruction is used in conjunction with hormonal treatments. For some, gender reassignment is used, though this is a controversial treatment that also requires psychological counselling for the parents, child, and close family members.

For those who do not receive treatment as a child, there are still options for men with micropenis, with penis enlargement surgery being the most commonly used method to get the penis to an average size. There are different types of penis enlargement surgery which include extending either the length or the girth of the penis. In the case of micropenis, it is surgery extending the length that most patients opt to undergo. Weighing the pros and cons of penis enlargement surgery is important and, like all surgery, not something that should be taken lightly. There are always risks involved with any surgery so it’s important to discuss these risks with your health practitioner and decide if it’s the right choice for you.

Other methods for enlarging the penis are available such as penile traction therapy (penis extenders), penis pumps, and manual penis exercises. While some men claim to have achieved a longer and/or a thicker penis using these non-invasive techniques, they are not medically approved treatments and may not produce the drastic results desired by someone with a micropenis. However, they may be worth looking into before considering a surgical solution.

Another thing that may help is weight loss. If you are overweight, you can gain extra penile length by simply losing weight. It won’t make your penis grow, but as you burn the fat around your waist and pubic area, some of the shaft that has been buried under the surrounding fat layers will come out. Just one more reason to get in shape!